Optimal Navigation

The full title is Towards an Optimal Navigation through Natural Guidance.


The project Towards an Optimal Navigation through Natural Guidance aims at providing drivers in a car with unobtrusive guidance based on intuitive navigation commands that allow drivers to make driving decisions with confidence. The guidance should be real-time, context-adaptive, and non-interruptive.


The approach combines theoretical models with simulations and prototype and user studies.


  • Here Global B.V.
  • University of Bamberg


Prof. Dr. Tom Gross, Scientific Advisor
Arun Balakrishna


The project is partly funded by Here Global B.V. and by University of Bamberg; it started in 2016.

Further Information


Balakrishna, Arun and Gross, Tom. What Humans Might be Thinking While Driving: Behaviour and Cognitive Models for Navigation. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on HCI in Mobility, Transport, and Automotive Systems - MobiTAS 2021; held as Part of the 23nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - HCII 2021 (July 24-29, Virtual Event). Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2021. pp. 367-381. (978-3-030-78357-0). doi:doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-78358-7_25.

Balakrishna, Arun and Gross, Tom. BeaCon - A Research Framework Towards an Optimal Navigation. In Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Human Values and Quality of Life - HCII 2020 (July 19-24, Copenhagen, Denmark). Kurosu, Masaaki, ed. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2020. pp. 556-574. (ISBN: 978-3-030-49065-2). doi:doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49065-2_39.

Balakrishna, Arun and Gross, Tom. Towards Optimum Integration of Human and Car Navigation System. In Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer, and Communication Technologies - ICECCT 2019 (Feb. 20-22, Coimbatore, India). IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, 2019. pp. 189-197. (ISBN: 978-1-5386-8158-2).

Balakrishna, Arun and Gross, Tom. Towards Optimum Automation of Human Machine Systems for Maximum Performance. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Multimedia, Scientific Information and Visualisation for Information Systems and Metrics - MSIVISM 2018 (Jan. 29-31, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain). Blue Herons Editions, Bergamo, Italy, 2018. pp. 1-14. (ISBN: 978.88.96.471.65.4). doi:10.978.8896471/654.

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